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ISSN : 2233-4165(Print)
ISSN : 2233-5382(Online)
Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business Vol.9 No.10 pp.83-89
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.13106/ijidb.2018.vol9.no10.83.

The Effect of Prior Price Trends on Optimistic Forecasting

Young-Doo Kim*
* Assistant Professor, Department of International Business, Hansei University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.Tel: +82-31-450-9811, E-mail: ydkim@hansei.ac.kr
September 16, 2018. September 30, 2018. October 15, 2018.

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study examines when the optimism impact on financial asset price forecasting and the boundary condition of optimism in the financial asset price forecasting. People generally tend to optimistically forecast their future. Optimism is a nature of human beings and optimistic forecasting observed in daily life. But is it always observed in financial asset price forecasting? In this study, two factors were focused on considering whether the optimism that people have applied to predicting future performance of financial investment products (e.g., mutual fund). First, this study examined whether the degree of optimism varied depending on the direction of the prior price trend. Second, this study examined whether the degree of optimism varied according to the forecast period by dividing the future forecasted by people into three time horizon based on forecast period.
Research design, data, and methodology – 2 (prior price trend: rising-up trend vs falling-down trend) x 3 (forecast time horizon: short term vs medium term vs long term) experimental design was used. Prior price trend was used between subject and forecast time horizon was used within subject design. 169 undergraduate students participated in the experiment. χ2 analysis was used. In this study, prior price trend divided into two types: rising-up trend versus falling-down trend. Forecast time horizon divided into three types: short term (after one month), medium term (after one year), and long term (after five years).
Results – Optimistic price forecasting and boundary condition was found. Participants who were exposed to falling-down trend did not make optimistic predictions in the short term, but over time they tended to be more optimistic about the future in the medium term and long term. However, participants who were exposed to rising-up trend were over-optimistic in the short term, but over time, less optimistic in the medium and long term. Optimistic price forecasting was found when participants forecasted in the long term. Exposure to prior price trends (rising-up trend vs falling-down trend) was a boundary condition of optimistic price forecasting.
Conclusions – The results indicated that individuals were more likely to be impacted by prior price tends in the short term time horizon, while being optimistic in the long term time horizon.

JEL classifications: M31, M19, G29.

이전 가격 트렌드가 낙관적 예측에 미치는 영향

김영두*

초록


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